Download A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to by Karsten Friis Johansen PDF

By Karsten Friis Johansen

Translated by way of Henrik Rosenmeier, A historical past of old Philosophy charts the origins and improvement of historical philosophical proposal. for simple reference, the booklet is split chronologically into six major components. The sections are additional divided into philosophers and philosophical movements:
*Pre-Socratic Philosophy, together with mythology, the Pythagoreans and Parmenides
*The nice Century of Athens, together with the Sophists and Socrates
*Plato, together with The Republic, The Symposium and The Timaeus
*Aristotle, together with The Physics, The Metaphysics and The Poetics
*Hellenistic Philosophy, together with the Sceptics, the Stoics, the Epicureans and Cicero
*Late Antiquity, together with Neoplatonism, Origen and St Augustine.
This accomplished and meticulously documented ebook is established to make old philosophical inspiration and historic thinkers obtainable. It contains:
*full references to fundamental sources
*detailed interpretations of key philosophical passages, together with surveys of past philosophical readings
*an review of the advance of old philosophical thought
*discussions of the relationships among philosophers and their ideas
*analyses of key philosophical ideas and ideologies together with ontology, epistemology, common sense, semantics, ethical and political philosophy, theology and aesthetics
*explanations of Greek philosophical terminology.

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Additional info for A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to Augustine

Sample text

They are unfamiliar with special epistemological problems, and, similarly, they do not debate special ethical problems. Their visions within natural philosophy and their certainty that the physical world is an orderly world dominate all their thought. Their strength lies in generalizations and conclusions from quite general statements. To us these are hypotheses lacking verification—to the Ionians, however, they are theses—the correctness of which must be evident, once understood. The form of argumentation one senses in Anaximander and Anaximenes is from analogy—a feeble form of argumentation that demonstrates a truth rather than proving it.

The increasing amount of trade did, however, result in new farming practices: cultivation of grain crops was replaced by the planting of vineyards and olive trees, and thus a city state was no longer able to supply its own foodstuffs. The deeply rooted Greek ideal of the city state as an autonomous unit had to be realized in a new way, and the lack of economic stability led to considerable social upheavals. The need for cheap labour led to an increase in the number of slaves, and in the classic Greek city 16 MYTH, POETRY, PHILOSOPHY state the free (but rarely idle) citizen’s existence was dependent on slavery—often the number of slaves exceeded the number of citizens.

In astronomy the Babylonians reached far greater achievements than the Egyptians. They were familiar, for example, with the retrograde movements of the planets, and without knowing the cause they were able to predict solar eclipses. But astronomy was not pursued for its own sake. In their origin astronomy and astrology are inseparable—the purpose in both cases being the prediction of future events. It was—for example, for the sake of the making of a calendar— important to be able to predict the time of the new moon; it was important to be able to predict eclipses; and it was natural to imagine that all events on earth were dependent on events in the heavens.

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