By Aage Borchgrevink, Guy Puzey
On 22 July 2011 a tender guy named Anders Behring Breivik conducted essentially the most vicious terrorist acts in post-war Europe. In a gently orchestrated series of activities he bombed executive constructions in Oslo, leading to 8 deaths, then performed a mass taking pictures at a camp of the Workers' early life League of the Labour get together at the island of Utøya, the place he murdered sixty-nine humans, commonly teenagers.
How might Anders Behring Breivik - a middle-class boy from the West finish of Oslo - turn out as the most violent terrorists in post-war Europe? the place did his hatred come from?
In A Norwegian Tragedy, Aage Borchgrevink makes an attempt to supply a solution. Taking us with him to the multi-ethnic and class-divided urban the place Breivik grew up, he follows the culprit of the assaults into an surprising on-line global of violent desktop video games and anti-Islamic hatred, and demonstrates the relationship among Breivik's youth and the darkest pages of his 1500-page manifesto.
This is the definitive tale of twenty-two July 2011: a Norwegian tragedy.
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Extra resources for A Norwegian Tragedy: Anders Behring Breivik and the Massacre on Utøya
Glaucon oﬀers the example of enjoyment and harmless pleasures, intrinsic goods valued not for what they lead to but as ends. The second is ‘the sort we value both for itself and for its consequences’. The examples oﬀered are the ability to think and see, and good health (357c). The supposition is that we value such goods both for their own sakes and for what they result in, enabling us to undertake activities that would otherwise be beyond us. The third type of good includes activities such as physical exercise, submitting to medical treatment and working for a living.
Other answers set greater store by Socrates’ part in the failure to make substantive progress in Book I. Thus, Reeve argues that Book I is a ‘brilliant critique’ of the elenchus – speciﬁcally as it is associated with the historical Socrates – ‘every aspect of which is designed to A Guide to the Text 43 reveal a ﬂaw in his theories’. Plato carries out this exposé in advance of making a fresh start in Book II precisely to show that such a fresh start is required. For Reeve, Plato stages Socrates’ failure in Book I with a view to making a new start on his own ‘Platonic’ terms in Book II.
Nonetheless, they prove to be forthright and demanding pupils, not least in their initial restatement of the argument. 44 Plato’s Republic (a) Glavcon’s Classification of Goods (357a–358b) As Glaucon instigated Socrates’ accession to Polemarchus’ request at the beginning of the dialogue, so it is Glaucon who insists that the discussion does not end with the besting of Thrasymachus. ’ (357b). Clearly, Glaucon is as unconvinced by Socrates’ arguments as the attentive reader (an indication, perhaps, that Plato is aware of their shortcomings).