By Jacqueline Foertsch
This booklet explores the key cultural sorts of Nineteen Forties the USA - fiction and non-fiction; song and radio; movie and theatre; severe and well known visible arts - and key texts, developments and figures, from local Son to Citizen Kane, from Hiroshima to HUAC, and from Dr Seuss to Bob desire. After discussing the dominant principles that tell the Forties the e-book culminates with a bankruptcy at the 'culture of war'. instead of splitting the last decade at 1945, Jacqueline Foertsch argues persuasively that the Nineteen Forties might be taken as a complete, searching out hyperlinks among wartime and postwar American tradition. Key positive aspects: * concentrated case reviews that includes key texts, genres, writers, artists and cultural developments * targeted chronology of Nineteen Forties American tradition * Bibliographies for every bankruptcy * 20 black and white illustrations
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It would be much more comfortable for us if we were determined, since then the external determinants of our actions could always be made the scapegoats or the excuses . . 19 It is the cynical, nihilistic version of existentialism espoused by the French novelist (and Sartre protégé) Albert Camus that has always attracted angry young Americans, specifically the implication that our unbreachable aloneness confines us to a sort of permanent, pointless paralysis. Yet for Sartre, existentialism is a call to responsible human action that should guide human behaviour during ordinary moments and – even more so – upon the world-historical occasions of persecution, occupation, and armed conflict.
1 Out of victors’ quarrels over division of spoils in the immediate postwar period came the alliances and oppositions that would constitute the cold war enshadowing most of the second half of the twentieth century. The momentous events of the mid-1940s are thus pivotal in multiple respects, dividing as they join early and later parts of a decade and a century. While it is as futile as it is dishonest to attempt to interpret the chaos of human history in discrete ten-year periods (much less in arbitrary but insistent ‘decades’ beginning with year ‘0’ and ending with year ‘9’), it has nevertheless proven helpful, and even essential, to the enterprises of personal and collective memory to do exactly that.
Robert Oppenheimer, Edward Teller and Albert Einstein – were disturbed by the damage they had wrought and spent much of the remainder of their lives speaking in favour of internationalising atomic science and preventing its ever being used as a weapon again. 61 Smith quotes Project consultant I. I. Rabi: I would say that we are frankly pleased, terrified, and to an even greater extent embarrassed when we contemplate our wartime efforts. 62 Eventually adding to this sense of embarrassment, two other Project scientists with deep leftist sympathies, Klaus Fuchs and Theodore Hall, managed to internationalise atomic knowledge by turning Soviet informant during the bomb’s construction phase in the mid-1940s.