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By Jessica Wang

No specialist crew within the usa benefited extra from global struggle II than the clinical neighborhood. After the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, scientists loved extraordinary public visibility and political impact as a brand new elite whose services now appeared severe to America's destiny. yet because the usa grew dedicated to chilly struggle clash with the Soviet Union and the ideology of anticommunism got here to dominate American politics, scientists confronted an more and more lively routine of protection and loyalty clearances in addition to the specter of intrusive investigations via the infamous condominium Committee on Un-American actions and different govt bodies.
This ebook is the 1st significant learn of yank scientists' encounters with chilly struggle anticommunism within the decade after international struggle II. through analyzing circumstances of person scientists subjected to loyalty and safety investigations, the organizational reaction of the clinical neighborhood to political assaults, and the relationships among chilly battle ideology and postwar technology coverage, Jessica Wang demonstrates the stifling results of anticommunist ideology at the politics of technological know-how. She exposes the deep divisions over the chilly conflict in the medical neighborhood and offers a posh tale of difficult offerings, a neighborhood in hindrance, and roads no longer taken.

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To Bush, wartime cooperation between scientists and military leaders exemplified a system in which decisionmaking authority lay with the appropriate scientific experts. Although Bush did not favor the peacetime continuation of the osrd, in the absence of a National Science Foundation he felt the armed forces had ‘‘been filling a gap, and . .

In working on the bill, Miller consulted Condon; Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory physicist Leo Szilard, the Manhattan Project gadfly who became a tireless crusader for arms control in the postwar period; members of the Atomic Scientists of Chicago; and Edward Levi, a professor at the University of Chicago Law School who had worked with the Atomic Scientists of Chicago to draft an atomic energy bill in November. The proposed legislation contained everything the scientists’ associations desired.

He even shared some of Kilgore’s concerns, but he thought that Kilgore’s widespread dedication of patent rights to the public went too far and would stifle incentives for innovation. More significant, he insisted that patent reform should be the province of a separate congressional committee and did not belong in the nsf legislation. Likewise, he felt the social sciences properly belonged in their own agency, not in a foundation dedicated to the natural sciences. Although Nathan Reingold has characterized Bush’s plan as ‘‘a new political economy for research and development,’’ Bush was really, in a sense, proposing an agency outside the political economy altogether.

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