By James T. Patterson
This new version of Patterson's normal booklet contains the tale of battles over poverty and social welfare via what the writer calls the "amazing 1990s," these years of awesome functionality of the financial system. He explores a number of concerns coming up from the industrial phenomenon--increasing inequality and calls for to be used of a better poverty definition. He focuses the tale at the influence of the hugely arguable welfare reform of 1996, glided by a Republican Congress and signed by way of a Democratic President Clinton, regardless of the laments of anguished liberals.
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Additional info for America's Struggle Against Poverty in the Twentieth Century
Robert Kelso, a leading writer on poverty in the 1920s, who be- The Gospel of Prevention, Progressive Style 21 21 lieved overpopulation to be one of its key causes, called for “such control and regulation of . . ”8 Other writers refurbished the notion that poverty was part of a vicious circle that encompassed both hereditary and environmental forces. This metaphor, indeed, became almost a popular cliché. Jamieson Hurry, an English doctor, wrote Vicious Circles in Disease in 1911 and followed it in 1921 with Poverty and its Vicious Circles.
At another level, sound economic thinking meant that governments must economize if they were to survive the postwar economic chaos. Talk of an egalitarian society, or even of using government to enhance opportunity, was not timely. Socialist parties in England and Sweden after the war demanded economy in government, as did leading political spokesmen in the United States. 39 Underlying all these beliefs was the fundamental attitude, especially among reformers, of optimism about the future of the economy.
Union leaders were cool even to the AALL program, which called for expansion of governmental authority. They knew from experience that the government could take away with one hand what it had given with the other. Many reformers doubted the very capacity of American government. When Germany and England adopted social insurance systems, those countries already had trained, respected civil servants to whom the administration could be entrusted. The United States, by contrast, had a spoils-ridden, inefﬁcient bureaucracy.