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By John B. deC. M. O'Malley, Charles Donald Saunders

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Extra resources for Andreas Vesalius Bruxellensis. The Bloodletting Letter of 1539: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Evolution of Vesalius's Scientific Development

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F o r a fuller discussion cf. the Introduction. 1 1 3 . Vesalius, strongly influenced b y the n e w humanism, as a rule studiously avoids anatomical terms of Arabic origin. A t this period he usually follows the classical authors and refers to the saphenous veins as venae ad malleolos, adding interior or exterior as the case m a y be. T h e small saphenous is frequently vena ex poplite. H y r t l , Anatomie, p. 2 1 2 , points out that despite the Greek words σαφή* and σαφηνή*, these adjectives were never used b y the ancient writers to describe these veins but were taken over from the Canon of Avicenna almost intact from the Arabic, säfin.

Following ancient anatomical tradition, Vesalius uses manus alone to signify the entire arm and swnma manus for the hand proper, cf. the classical usage of manus as a branch of a tree. T h i s terminology, sometimes confusing, is common in the sixteenth century since it may also be found in Lodovicus Vassaeus, In anatomen corporis humant tabulae quatuor (Venetiis, 1544), p. 7; Hippocratis Coi medicorum omnium longe principis opera quae apud nos extant omnia. Fer lanum Cornarium medicum physicum Latina lingua conscripta (Lugduni, 1 5 4 5 ) , f.

A p a r t from the unsupported statement of M . Roth, Andreas Vesalius Bruxellensis (Berlin, 1892), p. 64, hereafter cited as Roth, that Nicolaus Florenas was a compatriot of Vesalius, the only definite information w e possess is that from Vesalius himself, w h o dedicated his first published work, Paraphrasis in nonum librum Rhazae . . ad Regem Almansorem . . (Lovanii, 1 5 3 7 ) , hereafter cited as Paraphrasis, to Florenas. F r o m this w e learn that Florenas di- Andreas Vesalius Bruxellensis 39 YOUR recent letter, Patron of my early studies, greatly encourages me in two respects, for you intimate that the plates published by me for the use of students were especially approved by his Imperial Majesty and by other very eminent men.

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