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By Gimme H. Walter, Rob Hengeveld

This publication spells out the theoretical constitution, technique and philosophy of the technology of autecology. The autecological method makes a speciality of the interactions of person organisms (and their species-specific diversifications) with the spatio-temporal dynamics in their surroundings as a foundation for reading styles of variety and abundance in traditional structures. This organism-based method of ecological Read more...

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L. chloropsis) and an eastern one (M. l. lunatus) that is mainly east of the Great Dividing Range), with both inhabiting eucalypt forest and woodland. Middle left: White-throated honeyeater M. albogularis is a northern species (which occurs also in the southern lowlands of New Guinea). It is mainly coastal and sub-coastal and inhabits eucalypt and paperbark forest and woodland. Middle right: The brown-headed honeyeater M. brevirostris has several subspecies of uncertain status and is a bird of drier inland woodland in the southwest and southeast of the continent.

Seabirds that do not use olfaction made random approaches at greater heights of six meters or more in these studies (Verheyden and Jouventin 1994). Various volatile compounds that are associated with the primary prey of these birds, such as krill and fish, can be mixed with vegetable oil and poured onto the water surface. These scented slicks attract various procellariiform species at up to five times the rate of controls (Nevitt 2000). The species specificity in responses is not yet well resolved but, for example, storm petrels and prions are attracted primarily to dimethyl sulfide (which is released by phytoplankton when krill and other zooplankton eat them (Nevitt 2000, Nevitt and Haberman 2003, Nevitt and Bonadonna 2005)), whereas petrels and some albatrosses respond from a distance to 3-methyl pyrazine (which emanates from macerated krill) (Nevitt et al.

We know this because species are widely different from one another in their response to climate change (Fig. 1) and closely related species invariably differ ecologically from one another, as expressed in their differential habitats or distributions (Fig. 2), despite the similarities from their shared evolutionary past. Naturally, variation across individuals is detected in the operations of the mechanisms that are relevant to their ecological responses, and variation is also evident in the ecological consequences of these operations.

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