By S. A. Moskalenko, D. W. Snoke
Bose-Einstein condensation of excitons is a distinct impact during which the digital states of an effective can self-organize to obtain quantum part coherence. The phenomenon is heavily associated with Bose-Einstein condensation in different platforms akin to liquid helium and laser-cooled atomic gases. overlaying theoretical features in addition to fresh experimental paintings, the e-book offers a finished survey of the sphere. After introducing the correct easy physics of excitons, the authors talk about exciton-phonon interactions in addition to the habit of biexcitons. in addition they hide exciton phase-transitions and provides specific recognition to nonlinear optical results together with the optical Stark impression and chaos in excitonic structures. The thermodynamics of equilibrium, quasiequilibrium, and nonequilibrium structures are tested intimately. all through, the authors interweave theoretical and experimental effects. The booklet might be of significant curiosity to graduate scholars and researchers in semiconductor and superconductor physics, quantum optics, and atomic physics.
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Extra info for Bose-Einstein condensation of excitons and biexcitons
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Pt particles were deposited only on the (110) face as shown in Fig. 3a. This result indicates that the reduction mainly proceeded on the (110) face of rutile TiO2 nanorods. 3b,c shows that the PbO2 particles were deposited on the (111) faces. This means that the (111) face provides the oxidation site for rutile TIO2 nanorods. Our results suggest that the (110) face of rutile TiO2 nanorods provides an eﬀective reduction site and that the (111) face works as the oxidation site. Spatially separation of reaction sites on TiO2 nanorods such as reduction and oxidation sites are considered to be very ef icient for improvement of photocatalytic reactions.