Download Coercive Power in Social Exchange (Studies in Rationality by Linda D. Molm PDF

By Linda D. Molm

This ebook describes the development and result of a decade-long scan on strength in social alternate kinfolk. trade theorists have often excluded punishment and coercion from their analyses; yet Molm examines even if alternate conception will be extended to incorporate gift and coercive strength. She develops and checks a conception that emphasizes the interdependence of present and coercive strength, discovering that they're essentially various, not just of their results on habit, but in addition within the incentive and the hazards of energy use.

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As I discuss in the next chapter, their potential interchangeability is central to the conception of coerced exchange. 1). For example, food is more valuable to a hungry person than to one who has just eaten, and approval is more valuable to a neglected child than to one who is frequently praised. The first assumption - the restriction of social exchange to the exchange of positively valued outcomes - is, of course, the subject of this book, and I will have much more to say about it in the next chapter.

There are several important implications of this conception of power. First, power is an attribute of a relation, not an actor, derived from an actor's control over resources that are valued by another actor. " A may have power over B, but not over C. Second, power is a potential, inherent in the structure of mutual dependencies created by the differential access that actors have to others who control resources they value. The definition of power as a potential is essential to a structural theory of power; only by defining power as a potential can it be treated as an attribute of an actor's position in a structure of dependence relations.

The second assumption is used to define exchange domains. 6 For example, both bread and apples reduce hunger and thus may be considered members of the class of "food"; eating more bread reduces the value of both bread and apples. Similarly, if time spent with two different friends fulfills a single need for companionship, then the two friendships occur within the same domain, and time spent with one friend is likely to reduce the value of time spent with the other. If, instead, one friend is a hiking companion and the other a close confidante, then the two friendships may be in different domains, and time spent with one friend will have no effect on the value of the other's companionship.

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