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By Daniel C. Dennett

The nationwide bestseller selected by means of the hot York occasions publication evaluate as one of many ten most sensible books of 1991 is now to be had in paperback. the writer of Brainstorms, Daniel C. Dennett replaces our conventional imaginative and prescient of recognition with a brand new version in accordance with a wealth of truth and thought from the most recent clinical learn.

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What Nietzsche analyzes under the name of “ascetic ideal” corresponds, almost point by point, to what Freud calls the superego, the law of an insatiable passion. We are dealing with the same image of vampirism that is also present in Nietzsche: the (superego) law literally feeds on the drives, devouring their “blood,” and ultimately becoming the only real locus of enjoyment. 21 In this way, the very form of renouncing becomes a form of enjoyment, a mode of its organization. This is especially blatant in obsessional neurosis, in which Freud recognizes the paradigm of “religious” thinking.

On the other hand, God as S2 is a God in relation to whom it makes no sense to say that He is “dead”—one can only argue whether He exists or does not exist, with both sides of the argument finally amounting to nothing more than claims about the existence or nonexistence of contingency, as well as about the existence or nonexistence of the world/language as a (consistent) whole. The God referred to in Nietzsche’s statement “God is dead” is God as the (generic and generative) power of the Symbolic, God as S1.

This lurks in the background of Nietzsche’s (very “unfashionable”) conviction that the “deideologization” of science is not necessarily its major achievement, but, rather, the mere price of its survival. Hence: “But that one works rigorously in the sciences and that there are contented workers certainly does not prove that science as a whole possesses a goal, 43 p a rt i : n i e t z s c h e t h e m e t a p s y c h o l o g i s t a will, an ideal, or the passion of a great faith. The opposite is the case .

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