By Matjaz Vesel
In 1543, Copernicus publicly defended geokinetic and heliocentric universe. This e-book examines why and the way he grew to become a Copernican and what his confirmation of heliocentrism skill within the context of the clinical Revolution. shut studying of Copernicus’ texts and exam of his sociocultural context unearths his dedication to the Platonist application of actual Astronomy, that is to find the well-proportioned, harmonious universe, hidden past seen appearances, yet available via mathematical reasoning. The imperative target of the paintings is to teach that the speculation of Copernicus’ Platonism brings harmony and inner coherence to his undertaking and offers ancient historical past of his contributions to the clinical Revolution.
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Extra resources for Copernicus: Platonist Astronomer-Philosopher: Cosmic Order, the Movement of the Earth, and the Scientific Revolution
The axis about which a sphere rotates is contiguous to the encompassing sphere in two points; the latter sphere has its own motion. A planet attached to the equator of the sphere closest to the centre moves in a motion that results from the movement of all spheres in its system. It seems that Eudoxus regarded his spheres as mathematical models for “saving the phenomena” and did not believe in the actual existence of the spheres. 25 26 27 W. Knorr, “Plato and Eudoxus on the Planetary Motions,” argues that Plato’s challenge was not the motivation behind Eudoxus’ technical studies.
490–ca. 560). In his Introduction to the Phenomena, a rudimentary astronomical work from the first century BC, Geminus holds the Pythagoreans to be the first to study the motions of the celestial bodies on the basis of their presumed uniform and circular motions. 17 Geminus’ statement that “[…] the hypothesis that underlies the whole of astronomy posited for astronomy is that the sun, the moon, and the five planets move circularly and at constant speed in the direction opposite to that of the cosmos”18 is thus placed in the context of the Pythagorean tradition, which drew from the hypothesis that the movements of the sun, the moon, and the five planets are circular and uniform.
Ibid. All Latin quotations from proemium are taken from N. Copernicus, Das neue Weltbild, pp. 80–4. -P. -P- Lerner, “Éditer et traduire Copernic,” pp. 386–9. Copernicus obviously understands principia, assumptiones and hypotheses as denoting one and the same concept. He sometimes uses the term axioma and once primarius lapis. I believe this rather free use of different terms could be due to his reading of Proclus' Commentary on Plato’s Timaeus. Proclus uses “axioms” and “hypotheses” arbitrarily to denote all starting points of discussion.