Download Cutting the Cost of Cold: Affordable Warmth for Healthier by Fergus Nicol, Janet Rudge PDF

By Fergus Nicol, Janet Rudge

Teachers and practitioners from a variety of disciplines offer a survey of study into structures epidemiology and scientific concerns, via an review of the instruments to be had to the practitioner.

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As these figures suggest, not only is there an apparent deficiency in home heating but also an inequality in it. 2), the most important are the size and thermal efficiency of the dwelling, the effectiveness and use of the heating system, and household income. With all three, it is the most vulnerable who are often the most disadvantaged. The usual definition of the energy efficiency is the Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP) [DoE, 1994], which reflects the cost of heating the dwelling to the standard regime.

4 House temperatures in Great Britain Present thermal environment standards in use in Great Britain and other countries are largely for the work- place and therefore tend to be based on the minimum conditions that should be attained and maintained for the health and well-being of groups who may be at high risk. The adverse effects of indoor cold temperatures on respiratory health studied in the work-place suggests that a critical temperature is 16° C, below which it is believed that work involving standing still should not be continued because of the increased risk of respiratory illness [Offices, Shops and Railway Premises Act, 1963].

These deaths are essentially preventable, and much remains to be done. 1 Introduction In Britain, close to 40,000 more deaths occur between December and March than expected from the death rates in other months of the year [Curwen, 1990]. , 1993]. , 1993] but, at around 20%, the magnitude of the winter excess in Britain is comparatively large [Curwen, 1990; McKee, 1989]. As discussed in Chapter 1, the factors that may contribute to the excess are numerous. Climatic shift is an obvious and important element, but winter is also associated with more respiratory infections, with behavioural changes, with changes in the pattern of indoor and outdoor air pollution, and with small, but perhaps significant, shifts in the intake of micronutrients such as vitamins C and D.

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