By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Materials Advisory Board, Committee on Assessment of Security Technologies for Transportation
Traditionally, such a lot terrorist assaults on civilian pursuits have concerned using firearms or explosives, and present protective techniques are aimed toward combating assaults perpetrated by way of such ability. even though, using the nerve agent sarin in 1995 to assault the Tokyo subway approach, using the U.S. mail in 2001 to distribute letters containing anthrax spores, and the invention in 2004 of the organic toxin ricin in U.S. Senate place of work constructions in Washington, D.C., show that chemical and organic brokers were further to terrorists' arsenals. assaults related to chemical/biological brokers are of serious crisis, not just a result of strength for mass casualties but in addition simply because there is not any approach or expertise fielded this present day that could reply safely to this possibility. because the usa and different international locations re-evaluate the safety measures they've got in position to avoid or protect opposed to such assaults, the hazards to the air transportation procedure as a first-rate objective turn into transparent. protecting the U.S. Air Transportation approach opposed to Chemical and organic Threats is an exploration of protective recommendations which may be used to guard air transportation areas (specifically, airport terminals and plane) opposed to assault with chemical or organic brokers and makes ideas with admire to the position of TSA in enforcing those techniques.
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Extra info for Defending the U.S. Air Transportation System Against Chemical and Biological Threats
Shutting down a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning [HVAC] system) or to trigger an analysis by a more specific, but slower, identification system. The response curves of all analytical methods, including continuous sensors and discrete assays, have important common characteristics, shown in Figure 3-3. The range of concentrations in which the sensor responds is called the dynamic range. It is bounded on its upper end by the saturation limit and on its lower end by the detection limit.
O’Bryon, Chair, served as deputy assistant secretary of defense until his retirement in 2001. During his 15 years at the Pentagon, he served under seven secretaries of defense as director, Live Fire Testing, and deputy director, Operational Test and Evaluation. Mr. O’Bryon also worked in various positions within the Office of the Director, Defense Research and Engineering in the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology, overseeing and directing test and evaluation activities for the Secretary of Defense.
POD and PFA, sampling frequency, assay analysis time). Others factors include the detection limit (the smallest amount detectable, always a function of the chemical or biological specificity); the detector sensitivity (the ability to detect small changes in the target concentration); the chemical specificity (the ability to separate analyte from background); and the range of agents that can be simultaneously detected. Further, a well-designed operator interface and training are needed to help the operator establish an appropriate level of trust in the system.