Download Démocratie et relativisme : Entretiens avec le MAUSS by Cornelius Castoriadis PDF

By Cornelius Castoriadis

Démocratie et relativisme constitue le témoignage écrit d’un débat public qui se tint en 1994 : les rédacteurs de l. a. Revue du MAUSS [Mouvement anti-utilitariste dans les sciences sociales], notamment Alain Caillé, Serge Latouche et Jacques Dewitte, avaient souhaité débattre avec le philosophe dissident de Socialisme ou barbarie, auteur de l. a. série Les Carrefours du labyrinthe.

En ces années qui suivent los angeles fin de l’URSS et « de l’Histoire », les sujets ne manquent pas : Quelle perception de los angeles démocratie ? Qu’est-ce que l’Occident ? Pourquoi los angeles résurgence des intégrismes religieux ? Qu’est-ce que l’universalisme ? Qu’est-ce que le marché ? Quelle est cette forme que prend le capitalisme ? Quels sont les paradoxes du relativisme culturel ?

En posant ces questions qui balisent aujourd’hui encore le champ intellectuel français, Cornelius Castoriadis enregistrait et décrivait l’effondrement que connaît l’Occident. Avec l. a. vivacité et los angeles grande clarté de son esprit, il diagnostiquait tous les maux qui se sont aujourd’hui aggravés.

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The production and reproduction of black people as different, inferior, and subhuman by Britain’s white population would be the foundation upon which people of African descent would become the objects of curiosity, amusement, and exhibition as well as desire. ” A Boer farmer brought Baartman to Britain and convinced her that she could gain wealth as well as repatriation by the public display of her large buttocks The Racialized State 21 (Fryer 1984, 229–230; see also Gilman 1986[1985]). She was exhibited for several hours a day for more than five years in Europe (most notably London and Paris), and was believed by many to be either a freak or a beast.

The competition for scarce resources created more tension, and blacks became the scapegoat for rent increases, overcrowding, noise, and poor accommodation (194). Employment was a second major problem that West Indian migrants faced. Unlike the more overt housing discrimination, racism in the area of employment was subtle. Recruitment practices of British Rail, London Transport, and the National Health Service reflected a government facing postwar labor shortages (Peach 1986, 67–68). By 1958, for example, “London Transport employed almost 4,000 black workers, about one quarter of whom had been recruited directly from the Caribbean” (Walvin 1984, 109).

It helped to pay the mortgage, but it also provided us with somewhere to go. That’s why they started. (Anon. quoted in Bryan, Dadzie, and Scafe 1993[1985], 131) Housing and Employment As housing and employment were two seemingly inseparable problems for arriving Caribbean migrants during the years following WWII, a vast majority found accommodation through extended kin networks within Britain. They relied on friends and relatives, recent migrants, as well as those who had already established themselves in Britain (Ramdin 1987, 190–193).

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