Download Enabling American Innovation: Engineering and the National by Dian Olson Belanger PDF

By Dian Olson Belanger

Permitting American Innovation strains engineers' fight to win highbrow, monetary, and organizational reputation in the nationwide technology beginning. The instruments and arguments of this fight altered over the years, yet engineers persisted to claim the worth in their contribution, often measured in comparative budgetary phrases, and philosophical debates as they have been performed out via organizational manipulation.

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Extra resources for Enabling American Innovation: Engineering and the National Science Foundation (History of Technology Series (Purdue Univ Pr))

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Scottish engineering professor W. J. M. Rankine developed the notion of "engineering science," which he saw as an "intermediate mode of knowledge" between studies promoting knowledge and understanding (theory) and studies creating objects of practical convenience and profit (practice). "29 In the United States, engineering educators like Robert Thurston, at Cornell University after 1885, actively promoted Rankine's engineering science ideas (though not frequently using that term, according to Ronald Kline).

Opened in 1824, in Troy, New York, Stephen Van Rensselaer's Rensselaer School, which became Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) in 1861, was the United States' first endowed independent technical school for training in specialized industrial careers. 20 Washington Roebling, who built the monumental Brooklyn Bridge from his father's design, earned his degree in civil engineering at RPI in the mid- 1850s. The Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts, established in Philadelphia in 1824, Page 10 offered courses in mineralogy, chemistry, natural philosophy, mechanics, architecture, machine design, and mathematics.

Joseph Bordogna, NSF acting deputy director and former assistant director for engineering, provided both funding and crucial approvals for moving the publication forward. David Hoeppner, David Pershing, and others of the University of Utah provided published material and observations by telephone on the Advanced Combustion Engineering Research Center; Bruce Woodson gave me an informative tour by telephone of the MIT Biotechnology Process Engineering Center. Finite element analysis expert Ray Clough of the University of California, Berkeley, shared recollections and papers on the technique he helped pioneer.

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