By Soobhankar Pati, Jaroslaw Drelich, Animesh A. Jha, Neale R. Neelameggham, Leon H. Prentice, Cong Wang
This booklet encompasses a number of papers at the concerns, intricacies, and demanding situations when it comes to power and environmental technological know-how. It bargains professional assurance of many of the technological elements of sustainable strength ecosystems, together with approaches that enhance power potency and decrease CO2 and different greenhouse emissions. It additionally addresses the necessity for sustainable applied sciences in extractive metallurgy, fabrics processing, and production industries with power effective applied sciences. a few extra contributions study renewable strength assets similar to sunlight, wind, and biomass.Content:
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Extra info for Energy Technology 2013: Carbon Dioxide Management and Other Technologies
But in the presence of iron carbonate precipitates the corrosion rate may even decrease. This is the reason for the lower corrosion 33 rates at longer exposure times with exception of the low Cr steel in the liquid and the vapour phase. 02 mm/year which shows an extended reaction time and longer diffusion pathways due to an increased corrosion layer on the base metal. 00 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 exposure time in h Figure 3: Corrosion rate as a function of heat treatment of the alloys X46Cr13 and 42CrMo-4 (60 °C / CO2 saturated brine / 100 bar).
R. Mattos, The effects of temperature and hydrodynamics on the CO2 corrosion of 13Cr and 13Cr5Ni2Mo stainless steels in the presence of free acetic acid, Corrosion Science 46 (2004) 2987-3003  T. Okazawa, T. Kobayashi, M. Ueda, T. Kushida, Development of super 13Cr stainless steel for CO2 environment containing a small amount of H2S, in: Proceedings of Corrosion/93, NACE Intern 37  M. Ueda, A. Ikeda, Effect of Microstructure and Cr Content in Steel on CO2 Corrosion, NACE Corrosion, paper no.
33] found that even after short reaction times of 24 hours the surfaces of samples were covered with precipitates although there was no free water on the sample surface at the initial stage. If the surface is covered with dense FeCO3-particles the 35 grain size of FeCO3 decreases with increasing pressure. These results are in good agreement with our findings, where both phenomena may be related to diffusion kinetics and pathways. It is expected that the corrosion in can take place in the liquid phase (CO2-saturated water), but the corrosion rate is much slower than in the vapour phase.