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By Shale Horowitz

From Ethnic clash to Stillborn Reform is the 1st whole therapy of the most important post-communist conflicts in either the previous Yugoslavia— Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia—and the previous Soviet Union—Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, and Tajikistan. it's also the 1st paintings that focuses no longer on factors yet really on effects for democratization and marketplace reform, the 2 most generally studied political results within the constructing world.

development on present paintings emphasizing the consequences of financial improvement and political tradition, the e-book provides a brand new, complete therapy of the way conflict impacts political and monetary reform.

writer Shale Horowitz employs either statistical proof and ancient case reviews of the 8 new countries to figure out that ethnic clash entangles, distracts, and destabilizes reformist democratic governments, whereas making it more straightforward for authoritarian leaders to grab and consolidate strength. As anticipated, fiscal backwardness worsens those traits, yet Horowitz unearths that strong reform-minded nationalist ideologies can functionality as antidotes.

The comprehensiveness of the remedy, use of either qualitative and quantitative research, and concentrate on average techniques from comparative politics make this publication an exceptional software for school room use, in addition to a ground-breaking research for scholars.

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Extra info for From Ethnic Conflict to Stillborn Reform: The Former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia

Sample text

Given the dominant role of Serbia within the interwar Yugoslavia, and the preceding decades of Serbian independence following the collapse of Ottoman power in Europe, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia could be plausibly placed in between the Baltic and Caucasian states. While Serbs were numerically preponderant in the Yugoslav state and army, they increasingly viewed Josip Broz Tito’s federal system as artificially marginalizing them relative to the smaller ethnic groups. Slovenia and Croatia had strong traditions of regional political autonomy within larger territorial units.

None. Militarization of the State and Postwar Isolation and AssociMilitary Defeat, and Associated ated Weakening of Legitimacy Weakening of Legitimacy and Control Dramatic prewar democratization set back to limited extent through 1999. Dramatic early economic reforms set back until 1998. Croatia: June, 1991– January, 1992; March, 1992– November, 1995 Country and Distraction from Political Duration of Large- and Economic Reform Scale Conflict* Agenda Table 2. Effects of War in Initially Democratic Post-Yugoslav Countries Democratization and market reform severely set back.

Bosnia-Herzegovina: Dramatic prewar democMarch, 1992– ratization and more limited November, 1995 market reform set back severely until end of 1995. Heavy militarization of government occurred. Political and economic reform then revived with significant residual weak nesses. In postwar period, continuing informal barriers to interethnic trade and cooperation a significant impediment to capitalizing on opportunity for integration into European Union. None. Militarization of the State and Postwar Isolation and AssociMilitary Defeat, and Associated ated Weakening of Legitimacy Weakening of Legitimacy and Control Dramatic prewar democratization set back to limited extent through 1999.

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