By René Brun (auth.), René Brun, Federico Carminati, Giuliana Galli Carminati (eds.)
Born after international struggle II, large-scale experimental high-energy physics (HEP) has came across itself restricted ever because through on hand accelerator, detector and computing applied sciences. for this reason, HEP has made major contributions to the advance of those fields, in most cases using their thoughts. the discovery of the realm large internet at CERN is simply the best-known instance out of many. This publication is the 1st finished account to track the historical past of this pioneering spirit within the box of computing applied sciences. It covers every little thing as much as and together with the present-day dealing with of the massive calls for imposed upon grid and allotted computing by way of full-scale LHC operations—operations that have for years concerned many hundreds of thousands of taking part participants all over the world and consequently give you the unique and traditional testbed for grid computing thoughts. This publication takes the reader on a guided journey encompassing all proper themes, together with programming languages, software program engineering, huge databases, the internet, and grid- and cloud computing. the $64000 factor of highbrow estate rules for disbursed software program engineering and computing can also be addressed. Aptly, the ebook closes with a visionary bankruptcy of what may well lie forward. Approachable and requiring basically uncomplicated realizing of physics and desktop sciences, this e-book is meant for either schooling and research.
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Extra resources for From the Web to the Grid and Beyond: Computing Paradigms Driven by High-Energy Physics
The EGS (Electron Gamma Showers)  programme had been designed at SLAC and was the de-facto standard for electromagnetic calorimetry. Some ad hoc programmes were available for hadronic calorimetry like the Alan Grant system or TATINA from Toni Baroncelli. Transporting neutrons was the speciality of MCNP  from Oak-Ridge in Tennessee. However, these programmes were either very specialised or missing a very important component, a geometry package. When using the EGS package for instance, one had to implement two routines answering the questions, Where Am I?
Detector simulation tools had been available for many years, but mainly to understand and tune some simple calorimeters. The EGS (Electron Gamma Showers)  programme had been designed at SLAC and was the de-facto standard for electromagnetic calorimetry. Some ad hoc programmes were available for hadronic calorimetry like the Alan Grant system or TATINA from Toni Baroncelli. Transporting neutrons was the speciality of MCNP  from Oak-Ridge in Tennessee. However, these programmes were either very specialised or missing a very important component, a geometry package.
In the CERN central library to access pre-prints or published papers in journals. The various CERN documentation systems and the birth of the World Wide Web. Radical innovation versus gradual improvement. Because Tim Berners Lee (see Chap. 2) had suggested a more general approach, he had moved to the computing division in the same section as Bernd with the idea that a super XFIND system could be produced. While Bernd was proposing a centralised system with a database keeping trace of all registered documents, Tim, who was familiar in his previous job with remote procedure calls to communicate between computers, proposed a more decentralised and scalable approach.