Download Grandeza y decadencia de César Birotteau, Perfumista - La by Honoré de Balzac PDF

By Honoré de Balzac

Grandeza y decadencia de César Biroteau, perfumista (1837) es una de las novelas más emblemáticas de l. a. comedia humana. En ella quiso Balzac elevar a rango de héroe novelesco al propietario de una perfumería, al que los honores que recibe tras una vida de «probidad comercial» empujan al deseo de hacerse «un lugar en los angeles sociedad elegante» y de aumentar su fortuna mediante una operación de «comercio abstracto», es decir, una de las que permiten llevarse «lo más sustancioso de las ganancias antes de que haya ganancias». Se embarca, en fin, en una especulación de terrenos... sin percatarse de que detrás de ella acecha l. a. venganza de un antiguo empleado suyo, ahora banquero y arribista sin escrúpulos.

Balzac decía que César Birotteau period «la cara de una medalla que circulará por todas las categorías sociales. l. a. cruz es los angeles Casa Nucingen. Son historias que nacieron gemelas». En este volumen se incluye, pues, también los angeles Casa de Nucingen (1837), una excepcional nouvelle sobre el origen de las grandes fortunas financieras y «ciertamente –como ha señalado los angeles crítica- el texto más venenoso de los angeles comedia humana». Juntas, componen un fresco del poder económico en el París de l. a. Restauración tan minucioso y representativo que, casi dos siglos después, ilustra asombrosamente los mecanismos de nuestras propias sociedades capitalistas.

Honoré de Balzac nació en 1799 en excursions, donde su padre period jefe de suministros de los angeles división militar. los angeles familia se trasladó a París en 1814. Allí el joven Balzac estudió Derecho, fue pasante de abogado, trabajó en una notaría y empezó a escribir. Fue editor, impresor y propietario de una fundición tipográfica, pero todos estos negocios fracasaron, acarreándole deudas de las que no se vería libre en toda los angeles vida.
En 1830 publica seis relatos bajo el título común de Escenas de los angeles vida privada, y en 1831 aparecen otros trece bajo el de Novelas y cuentos filosóficos: en estos volúmenes se encuentra el germen de los angeles comedia humana, ese vasto «conjunto orgánico» de ochenta y cinco novelas sobre los angeles Francia de l. a. primera mitad del siglo XIX, cuyo nacimiento oficial no se produciría hasta 1841, a raíz de un contrato con un grupo de editores.
De este célebre ciclo son magníficos ejem-plos El pobre Goriot (1835), l. a. muchacha de los ojos de oro (1835), Grandeza y decadencia de César Birotteu, perfumista (1837), los angeles Casa Nucingen (1837) y l. a. prima Bette (1846).
Balzac, autor de una de las obras más influyentes de los angeles literatura common, murió en París en 1850.

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Page 590) Š The book which the reader has now before his eyes is, from one end to the other, in its whole and in its details, whatever may be the intermissions, the exceptions, or the defaults, the march from evil to good, from injustice to justice, from the false to the true, from night to day, from appetite to conscience, from rottenness to life, from brutality to duty, from Hell to Heaven, from nothingness to God. Starting point: matter; goal: the soul. Hydra at the beginning, angel at the end.

It tells of the fall and redemption of Jean Valjean, a young tree pruner in the region of Paris, the sole support of his widowed sister and her seven children. One winter, unemployed and desperate to feed his dependents, he breaks a bakery window at night to steal a loaf of bread. He is arrested and sentenced to five years舗 hard labor in the galleys of Toulon. Four escapes, attempted instinctively and unreasoningly, lead only to additional sentences, which finally total nineteen years. The harsh punishment embitters him against society, and after his release this attitude is reinforced by the scorn and rejection he experiences whenever he must show his convict舗s yellow passport.

Hugo opposed the death penalty (the uncompromising solution par excellence for crime), not only because of the influence of his older friend Charles Nodier, but also because, as a small child, he had seen the severed heads of freedom fighters in Spain and Italy nailed to church doors by the troops commanded by his father, General Hugo, charged with suppressing independence movements in those countries. The violent insanity of his older brother, EugȲne, which first became obvious at Victor舗s wedding with AdȲle, the woman EugȲne also loved, inflicted survivor guilt on Hugo, as did the premature death of his beloved younger daughter Lȳopoldine, who drowned with her husband and her unborn child in a boating accident shortly after her marriage, and the insanity of his older daughter AdȲle, to say nothing of the early death of his two sons before him.

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