Download GREEN BOOK: The Solution of the ECONOMIC PROBLEM 'Socialism' by MU'AMMAR AL-QADHAFI PDF

By MU'AMMAR AL-QADHAFI

Have taken position which give a contribution to solving the matter of labor and wages, i.e. the connection between the staff and the employers, between the manufacturers and the owners. The advancements contain fastened working- hours, wages for extra work,different kinds of go away, minimum wages, revenue sharing and participation in management. furthermore, arbitrary dismissal has been outlawed and social protection has been guaranteed, along with the appropriate to strike and whatever different provisions are stumbled on in almost all glossy labour legislation. Of no less value are the adjustments in the field of possession reminiscent of the emergence of structures proscribing source of revenue or outlawing inner most possession and transferring it to the state. Despite some of these now not inconsiderable developments within the historical past of the economic challenge, however the problem nonetheless essentially exists. The |Partners notmodifications, advancements, provi- |wage-workers sions and different measures have madethe challenge much less critical than it used to be in past centuries by means of gaining many advantages for the staff. but, the economic problem has now not been solved. All the makes an attempt that have concentrated on possession haven't solved the problem of manufacturers. they're nonetheless wageworkers, even whilst possession has been transferred from the extreme right to the extraordinary left or has been given quite a few intermediate positions. Attempts to enhance wages are as important as these which result in the transference of possession. The benefitsreceived by means of staff, guaranteed by laws and guarded by Trade Unions are all that experience been achieved in tackling the matter ofwages. therefore the tough stipulations of the producers instantly after the IndustrialRevolution were transformed, and, during time workers, technicians and administrators have received formerly unattainable rights. in spite of the fact that, the economicproblem nonetheless, in truth, exists.  [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]

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See Spriano, G ram sci e I ’O rdin e N u o v o , pp. 10-12, and PW I, p. 291. 29. See Paggi, II m o d ern o p rin cip e, p. 109. 30. See Franco Ferri, ‘ConsigUdi fabbrica e partito nel pensiero di Antonio Gramsci’, R in ascita, vol. 14, no. 9. Ferri tends to exaggerate somewhat the presence of a clear concept of an alternative party in Gramsci’s ideas in these years. 31. Daniel De Leon’s concept of organising workers according to industry seems to have influenced Gramsci. See De Leon’s S o cia list R e co n stru ctio n o f S o c ie ty , 1905.

And there are all the characteristics essential to every assembly in which fickleness and tumult are expressed; essential characteristics which come to be ‘cor­ rected’ naturally . . by the bureaucratic arbitrariness of the executive offices. ON, p. 141. These features in fact negated any true democracy and resulted in control by an ilite. The Years in Turin 51 The root of Gramsci’s criticism of bourgeois democracy lies in the separation between economics and politics inherent in bourgeois society.

PM//, pp. 190-6. 59. PM//, pp. 330-9. 60. The ifferentiation of tasks between the PSI and the CGdL, giving ‘politics’ to the first and ‘economics’ to the second, was the most obvious example of the reflection of a liberal notion of politics. 61. The result of the existence of factions was that the party was unable to catty out its revolutionary task. See PW I, p. 337. 62. ’ PW I, p. 337. 63. For a discussion of various early influences on Gramsd’s position on the south see Paggi,// m o d ern o p rin c ip e , ch.

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