Download High Pressure Effects on Selected Biological Systems by R. W. Brauer, M. R. Jordan, Ch. G. Miller, E. D. Johnson, J. PDF

By R. W. Brauer, M. R. Jordan, Ch. G. Miller, E. D. Johnson, J. A. Dutcher, M. E. Sheehan (auth.), Dr. André J. R. Péqueux, Professor Dr. Raymond Gilles (eds.)

This quantity is a type of released from the complaints of the invited lectures to the 1st foreign Congress of Comparative body structure and Biochemistry I geared up at Liege (Belgium) in August 1984 below the auspices of the portion of Comparative body structure and Biochemistry of the overseas Union of organic Sciences. In a normal foreword to those assorted volumes, it sort of feels to me acceptable to think about in brief what could be the comparative method. dwelling organisms, past the range in their morphological kinds, have advanced a common variety of easy recommendations to deal with different difficulties, either organismal and environmental, with which they're confronted. quickly after the flip of the century, a few biologists discovered that those suggestions may be top comprehended within the body­ paintings of a comparative technique integrating result of physiological and biochemical reports performed on the organismic, mobile and molecular degrees. the advance of this method among either physiologists and biocha~ists remained, despite the fact that, super sluggish till recently.

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In the freshwater crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, the active uptake of Na is severely inhibited by increased hydrostatic pressures (Roer and Shelton, 1982). 0 2 ,0 Tim. (hrs) Representative plots of unidirectional uptake o f Na by crayfish (E. clarkii) at 3 different pressures. Influx rates are derived from linear regressions (After Roer 'and Shelton, 1982) mediate effect, both inhibiting influx by approximately 80%. These effects are reversible, but recovery requires 1-2 hrs at 1 atm. There is no effect of pressure on passive efflux.

1984b) Effects of pressure on oxygen consumption in cot tid fish from Lake Baikal. Experientia 40, 771-773. N. (1980) Membrane lipid physical state + 2+ and modulation of the Na , Mg -ATPase activity in Acholeplasma laidlawii B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77, 1255-1259. R. (1979) Rate limitation of (Na+ + K+~stimulated adenosinetriphosphatase by membrane acyl chain ordering. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 76, 4893-4897. G. (1980) The effects of pressure on excitable cells. Compo Biochem. Physiol. 66A, 1-12.

Symp. Soc. Exp. BioI. 26, 27-60. C. (1982) Human homeostasis in the space environment : A systems synthesis approach. C. (Eds) Space Gerontology. NASA Conf. Pub. 22-23. , Hong. K. (1980) Effect of hydrostatic pressure on ion transport and metabolism in human erythrocytes. J. Appl. Physiol. Respir. Environ. 49, 224-231. W. (1973) Sodium-potassium activated adenosine triphosphatase. IX. The role of phospholipids. J. Biol. Chern. 248, 867-874. L. (1974) Molecular mechanisms of temperature compensation in poikilotherms.

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