By Nora Bensahel
U.S. stories in Iraq and Afghanistan have proven that bettering U.S. means for stabilization and reconstruction operations is important to nationwide safety. The authors suggest development civilian instead of army potential, realigning and reforming current organizations, and investment promising courses. additionally they recommend advancements to deployable police skill, crisis-management procedures, and suggestions and investment.
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Additional resources for Improving Capacity for Stabilization and Reconstruction Operations
And allied civilian intelligence agencies have taken the lead in building intelligence capacity in countries where reconstruction eﬀorts are ongoing. In both cases, capacity is either suﬃcient or can be ramped up. It is no less important to maintain eﬀective and transparent civilian and political oversight of these eﬀorts and ensure that they are eﬀective, accountable, and integrated into broader security sector and government development goals than it is in other aspects of reconstruction. Inculcating appropriate oversight may involve training hostcountry government personnel to serve as civilian overseers of military training and operations.
Although both agencies have at their disposal staﬀ who can serve as advisors to foreign governments and institutions, as well as personnel who can play planning and government roles, actual development projects and substantial training eﬀorts are generally implemented by contractors. Although there are exceptions, notably within USAID’s Oﬃce of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), this structural bias adds a layer of eﬀort and bureaucracy to any planned action and exacerbates the problems of deployability.
39–56. What Do Stabilization and Reconstruction Operations Entail? 23 ment actors—including the World Bank, specialized UN agencies, and NGOs—can work with the government to develop and execute eﬀective development programs. 13 Deployed military and civilian personnel are economic actors in their own right, and their eﬀorts have an impact on political and economic development goals. They should be aware of the principles of oversight, accountability, respect for human rights, and civilian control, each of which should be integrated into all stabilization and reconstruction eﬀorts.