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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Committee on the Role of Information Technology in Responding to Terrorism, Herbert S. Lin, Visit Amazon's David A. Patterson Page, se

Information know-how (IT) is vital to nearly the entire nation’s serious infrastructures making them susceptible by means of a terrorist assault on their IT approach. An assault can be at the procedure itself or use the IT process to release or exacerbate one other kind of assault. it may well even be used as a counterterrorism instrument. The file concludes that the main devastating results of a terrorist assault could ensue if it have been on or used IT as a part of a broader assault. The document provides tips about what might be performed within the brief time period to guard the nation’s communications and knowledge platforms and a number of other thoughts approximately what will be performed over the long run. The file additionally notes the significance of contemplating how an IT procedure should be deployed to maximise safety opposed to and usability in responding to attacks.

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Extra resources for Information technology for counterterrorism : immediate actions and future possibilities

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This point is important because terrorists, like other parties, have limited resources. Thus, they are likely to concentrate their efforts where the impact is largest for the smallest expenditure of resources. Many factors would play into a terrorist decision to use one kind of attack or another. The particular kinds of expertise and level of resources available, the effect that the terrorists wished to produce, the publicity they wished to gain, the complexity of any attack contemplated, the symbolic value of an attack, the risk of being caught, the likelihood of survival, the defenses that would be faced if a given attack was mounted, and the international reaction to such an attack are all relevant to such a decision.

Such control paths present obvious vulnerabilities. In addition, today’s SCADA systems are built from commercial off-the-shelf components and are based on operating systems that are known to be insecure. Deregulation has meant placing a premium on the efficient use of existing capacity, and hence interconnections to shift supply from one location to another have increased. Problems of such distributed real-time dynamic control, in combination with the complex, highly interactive nature of the system being controlled, have become major issues in operating the power grid reliably.

These reasons include access to large amounts of financial backing and the ability to maintain an actively adversarial stance at a high level for extended periods of time. For example, terrorists with the support of a state might be able to use the state’s intelligence services to gain access to bribable or politically sympathetic individuals in key decision-making places or to systematically corrupt production or distribution of hardware or software. • The most plausible threats are simple attacks launched against complex targets.

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