By Paul Pillar
A profession of approximately 3 a long time with the CIA and the nationwide Intelligence Council confirmed Paul R. Pillar that intelligence reforms, particularly measures enacted considering that 11th of September, could be deeply inaccurate. they generally omit the resources that underwrite failed coverage and misperceive our skill to learn outdoors impacts. in addition they misconceive the intelligence-policy dating and advertise alterations that weaken intelligence-gathering operations.In this e-book, Pillar confronts the intelligence myths american citizens have come to depend on to provide an explanation for nationwide tragedies, together with the assumption that intelligence drives significant nationwide defense judgements and will be fastened to prevent destiny mess ups. Pillar believes those assumptions waste serious assets and create destructive rules, diverting realization clear of smarter reform, and so they retain american citizens from spotting the boundaries of accessible knowledge.Pillar revisits U.S. international coverage throughout the chilly warfare and highlights the small function intelligence performed in these judgements, and he demonstrates the negligible influence that America's such a lot infamous intelligence mess ups had on U.S. coverage and pursuits. He then reports intimately the occasions of Sept. 11 and the 2003 invasion of Iraq, condemning the 11th of September fee and the George W. Bush management for his or her portrayals of the function of intelligence. Pillar deals an unique method of larger informing U.S. coverage, which comprises insulating intelligence administration from politicization and lowering the politically appointed layer within the government department to wrestle slanted perceptions of international threats. Pillar concludes with ideas for adapting overseas coverage to inevitable uncertainties.
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Extra info for Intelligence and U.S. Foreign Policy: Iraq, 9 11, and Misguided Reform
No matter what reforms are enacted, substantial and unavoidable uncertainty will forever characterize the making of foreign and security policy. Much about the outside world we will never know, regardless of how intelligence performs. The makers of policy should accept that fact and shape policy in recognition of it. Chapter 13 sets out principles for doing so. CHAPTER TWO W E APON S OF M ASS DEST RUC T ION AN D T HE IRAQ WAR The most extraordinary aspect of the George W. Bush administration’s launching of a war in Iraq in March 2003 was the absence of any apparent procedure for determining whether the war was a good idea.
S. S. 19 Despite the hazard of venturing close to this third rail of American politics, the subject simply cannot be ignored in any complete examination of why the United States went to war in Iraq. S. S. policy initiative in the region in recent years. S. and Israeli interests in Iraq and the Iraq War are in some respects parallel, but in other respects diverge. S. S. policies more than other conceptions. The most obvious point of divergence is that the war has expended American—not Israeli—blood and treasure.
And, if we did that, it would solve everything. It was all about finding a way to do it. That was the tone of it. The President was saying, ‘Fine. ’ ”34 From the first days of the Bush administration, the impetus for forcibly removing Saddam Hussein was strong and coming from senior policymaking levels. The most energetic promoters of the cause were within the office of the vice president and the civilian policymaking structure of the Department of Defense. The president himself evidently favored the cause from the beginning, even if he was not the prime mover.