By Miriam Meyerhoff
'Here is a welcome advent to sociolinguistics by way of a number one researcher within the box. clients should be encouraged by means of the breadth and sweep of Meyerhoff's treatment.' – William Labov, collage of Pennsylvania, united states 'Miriam Meyerhoff’s unique quantity revels within the range that's the cornerstone of sociolinguistics – she takes us to each continent to supply modern, fresh and fascinating examples of the major recommendations of the self-discipline, and does so in a well-paced and readable type. The booklet is authoritative but open-minded, cutting edge but touches the entire bases that must be touched. so much of all, it embodies a fondness for sociolinguistics that i'm hoping many readers will embrace.' – David Britain, collage of Essex, united kingdom This key textual content offers a superb, up to date appreciation of the interdisciplinary nature of the sector. It covers starting place matters, contemporary advances and present debates – providing commonplace or vintage info in new methods, and supplementing the acquainted with clean examples from a variety of languages and social settings. It truly explains the styles and structures that underlie language version in use, in addition to the ways that alternations among diverse language forms index own variety, social energy and nationwide identification. person chapters hide: social dialects and person variety language attitudes politeness multilingualism and language selection genuine time and obvious time switch in language social type, social networks and groups of perform gender language and dialect touch. each one bankruptcy contains routines that permit readers to have interaction seriously with the textual content, escape bins making connections among sociolinguistics and linguistic or social thought, and short, full of life accessories certain to make the publication a memorable and stress-free learn. With an entire thesaurus of phrases and proposals for additional examining, this article supplies scholars the entire instruments they wish for an outstanding command of sociolinguistics.
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Extra resources for Introducing Sociolinguistics
Some sociolinguists argue that ‘Standard English’ can only be used properly to refer to features of grammar and vocabulary; Trudgill and Hannah (2002), for example, point out that the features that make up Standard English can be spoken in many different local accents. On the other hand, other sociolinguists (Milroy 1992; Mugglestone 2003) ﬁnd the term ‘standard’ useful for discussing attitudes to different accents. In particular, they discuss the way in which standardisation works as a social and historical process.
Louis Gauchat (1905) observed five variables in the speech of the residents of the quite isolated village of Charmey (Switzerland). He noted younger speakers used innovative variants most, older speakers used them least, and middle-aged speakers alternated. He also noted that women in each group tended to use the innovative variants more than men. We return to the role of speaker’s age in Chapter 7 and gender in Chapter 10. With the beneﬁt of this socially, as well as linguistically, detailed corpus of information, Labov was able to build up a larger picture than would otherwise have been possible.
The actual instantiations of the variable in speech are known as the variants. There are two ways we can identify a variable. , (ear) in this case. A second convention is to refer to vowel variables by using the system of key words in Wells (1982). In this particular case, we would talk about the NEAR vowel or the NEAR lexical set. I will often use Wells’s key words in this text, because they have been chosen carefully to pick out classes of words which are reasonably robust across different varieties of English.