Download Invented Knowledge: False History, Fake Science and by Ronald H. Fritze PDF

By Ronald H. Fritze

Who's to claim what's genuine background and what's fake, faked, or in a different way bogus? The historian Carl Becker as soon as famously wrote of "everyman [as] his personal historian," suggesting that all of us separately decide upon what to assign price to within the episodic previous and we build a usable background to meet ourselves. in most cases that's positive, yet occasionally it takes unusual turns. This ebook, by way of one in every of my graduate pupil colleagues of decades in the past, explores how weird and wonderful a few of this building of the prior may well develop into. it truly is a good research of the unusual and bizarre in history.

"Invented wisdom" is generally approximately conspiracy theories and ideas of supposedly "repressed" truths in human historical past. Fritze starts off with a long dialogue of the opportunity of a misplaced continent of Atlantis. it truly is one in all the main chronic of ideals held via humans of all occasions and locations regardless of the inability of tough proof helping its life. Fritze accurately calls it the "mother of pseudohistory." Chapters stick with on myths surrounding the invention and cost of old the United States. My own favourite is the so-called Welsh Indians, a bunch supposedly ended in the US by means of Prince Madoc within the 12th century which shaped its personal tribe. Many expeditions sought to discover this workforce, and Lewis and Clark and others believed that Mandan tribe within the top Midwest have been the descendents of those pioneers. after all, various populations reached the USA in several methods and there's a lot hypothesis and in basic terms modest demanding proof. as a result, it's easy for pseudohistory to emerge whilst facts is minimum and conflicting.

Ron Fritze additionally expends massive attempt, complete chapters, discussing the development of racist cosmogonies. His rationalization of the increase of racist views between either white and black separatists is illuminating and scary. these chapters make up the guts of the ebook and provide a desirable research of radical subcultures in glossy American society. extra sections of the e-book discover the catastrophism of Immanuel Velikovsky, the traditional astronauts theories of Erich von Dänikan, the vanished of historic ice age civilizations, and the "Black Athena" debate introduced via Martin Bernal in 1987. That final bankruptcy has the scintillating major identify, "Professors long past Wild."

The takeaway from "Invented wisdom" is that whereas there's credible historic research on all of those matters and decent theories were provided, that there's nonetheless are those that favor pseudohistory predicated on bad resources, outrageous assumptions, unrealistic theories, and from time to time insane connections. there isn't lack for promoters of those wild motives, a few of whom are in actual fact unhinged and a few of whom are charlatans. In each case Fritze debunks the outrageous and gives valid factors.

But does facts and argumentation rather make a distinction to what one believes in regards to the prior? for plenty of humans it does. For believers in conspiracy and lots of of the bizarre principles mentioned right here it most likely does not. This results in the query, who has the authority to determine what the heritage says? An previous baseball funny story is apropos the following. 3 umpires have been discussing how they name balls and moves at the back of the plate. the 1st stated, "I name them as they are," a pre-modern, absolutist place. the second one stated, "I name them as I see them," a place reflecting rationality and modernity. The 3rd opined in a healthy of post-modern existential angst, "They ain't nothin' til I name them." it sounds as if this final point of view is the serious aspect in contemplating the tales instructed in "Invented Knowledge." possibly the truth of what occurred doesn't subject all that a lot; the single factor that's actually very important is the choice approximately its which means. which can good be an intensely own determination predicated on many idiosyncrasies and views. i locate interesting factor to think of. My due to Ron Fritze for elevating those matters and exploring their which means in sleek the United States.

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1635) in his Speculum Mundi (second edition 1645) stated that America was part of Atlantis. 45 Atlantological theories concerning Atlantis in America received an important boost when the Spanish historian Andrés Gonzáles de Barcia (d. 1743) brought out a revised and expanded second edition of Gregorio Garcia’s Origen de los Indios in 1729. 46 Others continued to use Atlantean refugees or Atlantis in America theories to explain the peopling of the Americas. 48 Although the Atlantis in America theory dominated Atlantology prior to the middle of the nineteenth century, it had rivals.

While Atlanteans continued 48 atlantis: mother of pseudohistory to expand their technological knowledge, their moral and spiritual nature continued to deteriorate. The Sons of Belial persisted in using technology recklessly and for depraved ends, especially the mysterious power crystals or ‘firestones’, the great power source of Atlantis. Misuse of the power crystals brought on a series of earthquakes that caused the remnant of Atlantis to sink under the waves of the Atlantic Ocean. Only a few scattered islands remained, the peaks of Atlantis’s highest mountains.

While Atlanteans continued 48 atlantis: mother of pseudohistory to expand their technological knowledge, their moral and spiritual nature continued to deteriorate. The Sons of Belial persisted in using technology recklessly and for depraved ends, especially the mysterious power crystals or ‘firestones’, the great power source of Atlantis. Misuse of the power crystals brought on a series of earthquakes that caused the remnant of Atlantis to sink under the waves of the Atlantic Ocean. Only a few scattered islands remained, the peaks of Atlantis’s highest mountains.

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