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By Orlando J. Pérez

20 years have handed because the 1989 U.S. invasion that toppled Panama’s army regime and initiated a interval of democratization. This ebook represents the main accomplished and empirically grounded research of the institutional and attitudinal components that experience formed Panamanian politics because the invasion. utilizing quantitative and qualitative tools the publication lines the improvement of the Panamanian geographical region from its early days after independence from Colombia, to the struggles to construct democracy after the U.S. invasion, in the course of the presidential elections of may possibly 2009. The learn uses broad interviews with political and financial elites, in addition to the main finished sequence of public opinion surveys ever carried out in Panama. As such, they supply a wealth of information on democratic values and make allowance putting Panama in a comparative point of view.

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Extra resources for Political Culture in Panama: Democracy after Invasion

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The Acción Comunal coup was the first violent overthrow of a sitting president in Panamanian history, and it would not be the last. The depression and the emergence of a politically mobilized middle class divided the ruling elite. The 1940s saw Arnulfo Arias win the presidency twice, in 1940 and 1948. On both occasions, he was overthrown by the National Police with the support of the commercial elite and the United States. In 1940, Arnulfo Arias founded the National Revolutionary Party (political party expression of the Panameñista movement).

He was twice a member of the cabinet and president between, 1924–1928 (Zentner, Jr. 1984, 91). Roberto Chiari was president between 1960 and 1964. 3 Ricardo Manuel Arángo Remón, a merchant, was member of the Municipal Council of Panama City in the nineteenth century and governor of the Department of Panama, 1886–1893. His brother, José Agustín Arángo Remón, also a merchant and banker, represented Panama in the Colombian Senate, and was chief of the Separatist Movement in 1903. That same year, José Agustín Arángo became president of the First Provisional Government Junta.

1979, 28). Pérez 24 POLITICAL CULTURE IN PANAMA The Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty was signed 15 days after the United States had explicitly violated the Mallarino-Bidlack Treaty by supporting the separation of Panama from Colombia. The latter treaty had committed the United States to guaranteeing the sovereignty and property of New Granada (later the Republic of Colombia) over the territory of Panama. The Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty was signed two years after John Hay and Lord Julian Pauncefonte, ambassador of Great Britain in Washington, had signed the Hay-Pauncefonte Treaty, by which the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850 was abrogated, leaving the road clear for the United States to build an interoceanic canal in Central America.

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