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By Richard Stivers

Arguing that the ideology of freedom and equality this day bears little resemblance to its eighteenth-century counterpart, Richard Stivers examines how those values were appreciably remodeled in a technological civilization. as soon as considered a type of own estate and a facet of the distinction of the person, the context of freedom and equality this present day is technological prior to it truly is political and financial and is usually now principally considered in collective phrases. targeting the paintings of Jacques Ellul and Max Weber, Stivers strains the advance of freedom and equality in Enlightenment proposal and American heritage after which proceeds to debate their present ideologies, realities, and illusions.

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The Illusion of Freedom and Equality

Arguing that the ideology of freedom and equality at the present time bears little resemblance to its eighteenth-century counterpart, Richard Stivers examines how those values were considerably reworked in a technological civilization. as soon as considered one of those own estate and a facet of the respect of the person, the context of freedom and equality this day is technological prior to it really is political and monetary and is additionally now principally considered in collective phrases.

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53 I concur. The universality of human rights is furthered of course by the Internet. ”54 This suggests there should be no barriers to information, goods, and services.

Locke’s influence was greater and more longlasting, however. I wish to examine how the ideological values of freedom and equality were changed to fit new circumstances in America. Because the details of American history are so well-known, my remarks will be exceedingly brief. The freedom of the individual declined significantly in the face of a series of related events: the rise of economic nationalism, slavery, the emergent power of corporations, and an obsession with national security. ”48 George Washington, of course, had previously warned against the growing power of the federal government even when invoked to protect the nation’s interests.

We look to technology to repair the damage done to environment, culture, and psyche. The technological system, Ellul explains, creates and elaborates means of facilitation, adjustment, and compensation. Clearly humans make efforts to repair the damage technology does to the environment, for example, reduce the release of greenhouse gases. Less obvious are the varied attempts to help humans adjust to the demands of technology. The mental health industry, including selfhelp groups, and the pharmaceutical industry play a key role here.

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